By Bengt Altenberg, Karin Aijmer
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Extra info for Advances in Corpus Linguistics: Papers from the 23rd International Conference on English Language Research on Computerized Corpora (ICAME 23) Göteborg 22-26 May 2002 (Language and Computers 49)
Yes. Well, we had a bad do you know; we had – oh we had six or eight weeks when he had a throat which was – [mhm] well at the beginning it was lethal if anyone else caught it. [yeah] It was lethal to expectant mothers with small children, and I had to do barrier nursing; it was pretty horrible, and the whole corridor was full of pails of disinfectant you know [mm], and you went in, and of course with barrier nursing I didn’t go in in a mask – I couldn’t with a child that small, and I didn’t care if I caught it, but I mean it was – ours emptied outside you see [mm] and you had to come out and you brought all these things on to a prepared surgical board [mm mm] and you stripped your gloves off before you touched anything [mm] and you disinfected – oh it was really appalling [mm].
Most researchers are content that someone has tagged the corpus, and they are not inquisitive as to how this was done, or what the shortcomings are. One major structural feature of English, often commented on, is the large number of forms which function as either verbs or nouns, so that a conventional tagger has a huge job to distinguish them. Promise and promises, for example, are interchangeable between the two word classes. g. gift, gifted. This prominent, almost defining feature of English word classes is completely ignored in normal POS tagging, and all sorts of tricks and dodges are used to obliterate it.
There is an issue here of the integrity of texts. While it is conceded that no electronic representation of a text is identical with the original, the object of making an electronic copy is surely to preserve at least the alphanumeric stream in its original sequence. Any disturbance to that will lead to difficulties later on, particularly now that many corpora are much too large for human inspection. The principal problem is that it is not possible to be sure that all the tags have 50 John Sinclair been removed, without the accidental removal of some genuine text.