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Download A Syntax of the Nivkh Language: The Amur dialect by Vladimir P. Nedjalkov, Galina A. Otaina, Ekaterina Gruzdeva, PDF

By Vladimir P. Nedjalkov, Galina A. Otaina, Ekaterina Gruzdeva, Emma Š. Geniušienė

This quantity, initially released in Russian in 2012, is among the few greater works on Nivkh (Gilyak), an underinvestigated endangered Paleosiberian language-isolate, that experience seemed in recent times. it's a descriptive grammar in accordance with huge language info and supplemented with the authors’ experiments and refined research, aimed toward elucidating a few moot issues of the hugely particular Nivkh syntax, and with quantitave info. It makes a speciality of syntactic and semantic varieties of verbs and their aspectual and temporal features, a number of teams of verbal grammatical morphemes, using finite and non-finite verb varieties, and particularly on a number of converbs, sentence kinds, note order, two-predicate buildings, relative clauses, direct and oblique speech, textual content constitution and unity. The typological services and insights of V.P. Nedjalkov and the local intuitions of G.A. Otaina mix so as to add price to this quantity. The booklet should be of curiosity to experts in morphosyntax, typology, normal linguistics and indigenous languages.

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Extra resources for A Syntax of the Nivkh Language: The Amur dialect

Example text

In both subtypes expression of the subject is obligatory. 1 A transitive verb changes its initial consonant In this case the free form of the transitive is used: (46) c. Umgu řa+d̦us kut-ţ. 4). If the subject and object are both animate nouns they cannot be formally distinguished. In such cases the head word denoting the object is indicated by the initial component i- on the verb (cf. (15)); cf. also: (47) a. Umgu laŋr+menγ-d̦. Umgu i-menγ+laŋr q‘auta-d̦. ) the contacting plosive consonants may be retained, while in the case of attributive nouns this does not occur; cf.

Possibility of establishing syntactic relations between words, clearly not constituting one syntactic complex, and as an assumed part of an incorporative formation, which is intuitively unlikely. Thus, in (32) there is such a connection between the words i-vo+heqrŋa-in lit. ‘above his village’ and the verb hum- ‘be’ which, . , according to their meaning. 2. A. Krejnovich (1966: 42–43) who supports the theory of incorporation considers only one of the direct objects, viz. the one in contact pre-position to the predicate, as incorporated in the verb.

If ţus vəñ-mi+si-d̦. s/he meat kettle-inside+put-ind ‘He put the meat into the kettle’ (a verb with two objects). If vəñ-mi-x ţus+heţ-ţ. ’ . In Saveljeva, Taksami (1970: 208) the word ñəñaq ‘a little’ is spelt as ñəñik. Here the authors’ spelling is preserved. chapter 6 Personal and reflexive pronouns Here is a list of the personal and reflexive pronouns in the nominative (absolutive) case which is the case of the subject and direct object: (13) ñi ‘I’ ñәŋ ‘we without you’ ţ‘i ‘you:sg’ ţ‘әŋ ‘you:pl’ if ‘s/he, it’ imŋ ‘they’ p‘i ‘self, oneself ’ mer ‘we and you:pl’ megi ‘we and you:sg’ 1SG and 2SG pronouns lose the final vowel when used in the direct object position (see Krejnovich 1966: 41) and are prefixed on the verb (unless it has two initial consonants).

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