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Download A History of Indo-European Verb Morphology by Kenneth Shields PDF

By Kenneth Shields

This ebook explores the foundation and evolution of vital grammatical different types of the Indo-European verb, together with the markers of individual, demanding, quantity, element, and temper. Its valuable thesis is that a lot of those markers could be traced to unique deictic debris which have been included into verbal constructions on the way to point out the 'hic and nunc' and numerous levels of remoteness from the 'hic and nunc'. The changes to which those deictic parts have been topic are considered right here within the context of an Indo-European language very assorted from Brugmannian Indo-European, many positive aspects of which, it's argued, seemed merely within the interval of dialectal improvement. This e-book demanding situations a variety of conventional proposals concerning the Indo-European verb; all reconstructions contained in it are firmly in keeping with extant info and are consonant with demonstrated rules of linguistic swap.

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Example text

Sist, -foest. eW-S [Early West Saxon, from the mid-ninth to mid-tenth century (cf. Campbell 1959:8-9)] has already always -st [... ]. Ru. 17 Moreover, it is quite possible that an inherited suffix -st, which existed as a secondary morphological marker in early Old English (and early Old High German), simply evolved into the primary marker of the second person singular in later stages of the language. ) within the Modern English period. Early Modern English shows both types, with the former representing a rare variant.

SkI. pitar-a < *-e [Meillet 1964:297]). That *-e became an independent non-singular marker is demonstrated by its appearance in the consonant-stems ah'eady cited and in the Tocharian B paral suffix -an-e « *-0, the a-grade variant, cf. Van Windekens [1979:243] and Shields [1985:194-196]). 1 The Third Person It was emphasized earlier that dialectal evidence allows only the reconstruction of a non-singular verbal affix in the third person plural, implying the late emergence of the non-singular category in conjugation.

An Indo-European final *-oN would have passed to Proto-Slavic *-uN which could have developed either into *-u > -'Is- or -~ = -po In this case the latter variant was chosen. ) Similarly. the Gothic 3rd pI. secondary ending -un may reflect IE *-fj without a final *-t. Schmalstieg (1976:25) additionally argues that "the older verbal ending "-oN is preserved [... J perhaps in the Lith. nom. pI. pres. act. participle in -9, if this is an etymological3rd pI. as Cowgill (1970) suggests" and that "the same thing seems to be true for the Tokharian B 3rd pI.

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